Pacific Eulachon

Eulachon, also known as Columbia River smelt, candlefish, or hooligan, are found in the eastern north Pacific Ocean. They range from northern California to southwest Alaska and into the southeastern Bering Sea. Smelt typically spend three to five years in saltwater before returning to freshwater to spawn in late winter through mid-spring.

We just released a Notice of Intent to prepare a recovery plan for Pacific eulachon. The outline detailing the recovery plan is available under the "Resources" tab below. As part of this process, we are working to develop actions that will conserve and recover the fish. We are requesting information from the public that may contribute to the development of these conservation actions. 

For more information, please contact Robert Anderson, 503-231-2226.

Listing Information

ESA Listing Status: Threatened on March 18, 2012; updated April 14, 2014

News release pdf format 64kb

Citations for eulachon ESA listing pdf format 52kb

Q&A on eulachon ESA listing pdf format 50kb

Updated Status Review of eulachon pdf format 3.5MB