Columbia River Basin Fisheries

Salmon and steelhead fisheries in the Columbia River Basin include those in the lower Columbia River and its tributaries below McNary Dam, and in the upper Columbia River and the Snake River Basin. These fisheries are co-managed by the states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho, four treaty tribes, and other tribes that traditionally fished these waters. Fisheries in the lower Columbia River are managed by the states and tribes subject to the terms of the 2008–2017 United States v. Oregon Management Agreement. United States v. Oregon establishes tribal harvest allocations and upholds the right of tribes to fish for salmon in their usual and accustomed fishing grounds. Commercial fisheries in these waters are managed under the Columbia River Compact, a congressionally mandated process that adopts seasons and rules for Columbia River commercial fisheries. Fisheries in the upper Columbia River and Snake River Basin are also managed by the states and tribes. All fisheries are subject to review by NOAA Fisheries for compliance with the Endangered Species Act.