Restoration Activities

In an effort to minimize the adverse effects of the Klamath Project, Reclamation proposes to provide $500,000 annually, subject to the availability of future funding and annual appropriations (Reclamation 2013b) over the period of this proposed action (May 2013 through March 2023), to support restoration activities for SONCC coho salmon and its critical habitat.  Restoration will be focused on activities that provide benefits to SONCC coho salmon and their designated critical habitat in the Klamath River Basin that are most likely to be affected by Reclamation’s proposed action.  The function of such restoration activities will be to promote survival and recovery of the SONCC coho salmon that are adversely affected as a result of the proposed action.

Habitat restoration projects funded by Reclamation will be designed and implemented consistent with techniques and minimization measures presented in California Department of Fish and Wildlife’s (CDFW) California Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual, Fourth Edition, Volume II (Part IX: Fish Passage Evaluation at Stream Crossings, Part XI: Riparian Habitat Restoration, and Part XII: Fish Passage Design and Implementation; Flosi et al. 2010, referred to as the Restoration Manual).  Restoration activities include, but are not limited to, the following:  instream habitat structures and improvements, barrier modification for fish passage, bioengineering and riparian habitat restoration, removal of small dams (permanent and flashboard), creation of off-channel/side channel habitat, developing alternative stock-water supply, tail-water collection ponds, water storage tanks, piping ditches, fish screens, and installing headgates/water measuring devices.  More details of these restoration activities and their associated minimization measures are provided in Appendix C of the 2013 Biological Opinion.