San Onofre Hydrokinetic - Wave Project

Pacific Ocean, San Diego County, San Onofre, California.

Project Profile & Applicant

FERC Project No.13679 is a proposed Hydrokinetic Wave park to be located in about 6 square nautical miles of coastal Pacific Ocean waters and lands located in San Diego County near San Onofre, San Clemente, San Onofre California State Park, and the United States Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. The Applicant for this155 to 2,000 megawatt (MW) wave park is JD Products, LLC (JDP). The power generation technology, exclusively developed by JDP, is called Hydraulic Diode Technology (HDT), which generates power as wave-action moves the units. JDP has developed concepts that utilize HDT in three types of structures that would moored offshore in one of three configurations, depending on which proves to be most feasible:  Bi-Direction Electricity Generator (BDEG), Multi-Direction Electricity Generator (MDEG), and/or Wind Electricity Generator (WEG). The current proposal has chosen to test the 1.55 MW BDEG unit. The proposed Project would consist of the following Phases and facilities: 

Phase 1:  Subscale BDEG Prototype fabrication and testing. Phase 2:  Operation of 100 BDEGs (155 MW). Phase 3:  Operation of 1,291 BDEGs (2,000 MW).

Proposed Facilities include:  (1) A Ground Control Center (GCC); (2) BDEG Assembly Line; (3) Pier into the Pacific Ocean to facilitate loading BDEGs onto a support ship for offshore deployment; (4) A new 2-mile road connecting the GCC to a main road; (5) Underwater BDGE Transmission Lines from each 1.55 MW BDEG; (6) Underwater Transformer(s) that combines BDGE Transmission Lines into one Underwater Transmission Cable; (7) Underwater Transmission Cable that runs from Underwater Transformer(s) onshore to the GCC; and (8) A 3,000-foot Land Transmission Line connecting the GCC into the local power grid at the site of the San Onofre Nuclear Power Station.

Species Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA); Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA); and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA) with Essential Fish Habitat (EFH):


Southern steelhead DPS (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Endangered / Critical Habitat (71 FR 834, January 5, 2006; 70 FR 52488, September 2, 2005).

Pacific Eulachon/Smelt southern DPS (Thaleichthys pacificus), Proposed Threatened (March 13, 2009; 74 FR 10857).

White Abalone (Haliotis sorenseni), Endangered (66 FR 29046, May 29, 2001).

Black Abalone (Haliotis cracherodii), Endangered / Critical Habitat (74 FR 1937, January 14, 2009; 76 FR 66806, October 27, 2011).

Leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), Endangered (35 FR 8491, June 2, 1970).

Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas), Endangered (43 FR 32800, July 28, 1978).

Olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), Endangered (43 FR 32800, July 28, 1978).

Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), Threatened (43 FR 32800, July 28, 1978).


Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), Endangered (35 FR 18319, December 2, 1970).

Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus), Endangered (35 FR 18319, December 2, 1970).

Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus), Endangered (35 FR 18319, December 2, 1970).

Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis), Endangered (35 FR 18319, December 2, 1970).

North Pacific right whale (Eubalaena japonica), Endangered (35 FR 18319, December 2, 1970).

Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), Endangered (35 FR 18319, December 2, 1970).

Guadalupe fur seal (Arctocephalus townsendi), Threatened (50 FR 51252, December 16, 1985).


Harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsii), California sea lion (Zalophus californianus), Steller sea lion (Eumetopius jubatus), northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris), northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus), long-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus capensis), Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens), bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), Dall’s porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli), gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus), dolphin (Lissodelphis borealis), minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus), and short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis).


Pacific Groundfish Fishery Management Plan (FMP) – rockfish, flatfish, shark, lingcod, etc.

Coastal Pelagics FMP - northern anchovy, Pacific sardine, market squid, mackerel.

Highly Migratory Species FMP – albacore, bluefin tuna, common thresher shark, and swordfish.

EFH is defined in the MSA as “those waters and substrate necessary to fish for spawning, breeding, feeding, or growth to maturity.”

FERC Relicensing Status

Second Preliminary Permit Application (PPA): JDP filed its second PPA in October 2013. FERC Noticed the PPA in November 2013 with a due date in January 2014. NMFS provided comments and Intervened in December 2013. There has been no further activity since March 2014.


Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, FERC eLibrary, Docket P-14543.