West Coast Salmon & Steelhead Listings

NOAA Fisheries has listed 28 populations of salmon and steelhead on the West Coast. They have a dynamic life cycle that includes time in fresh and saltwater habitats. Salmon are born in inland streams and rivers, migrate to coastal estuaries, then enter the ocean where they mature. They return as adults to the very streams where they were born, to reproduce, die, and begin the cycle again.

In addition to the 28 listed species, we monitor three additional Chinook, coho, and steelhead species that we've identified as species of concern. There are 21 other Pacific salmon and steelhead species that, based on scientific evaluation, are not listed because the populations stand at healthy levels.