Salmon Management

The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (Act) declared a fishery conservation zone in United States ocean waters from 3 to 200 nautical miles offshore. The Act authorized the formation of the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), who immediately recognized the need for salmon resource management and implemented the first Fishery Management Plan (Salmon Plan) for commercial and recreational salmon fisheries in 1977. PFMC, in collaboration with NMFS, states, and tribes, annually develop recommendations for ocean salmon fisheries management measures which are forwarded to the Secretary of Commerce for implementation. These management measures allocate the ocean harvest among tribal and non-tribal (commercial and recreational) fisheries while achieving conservation goals established for individual salmon stocks.