Pacific Albacore

North Pacific: This fishery operates across the North Pacific and along the U.S. West Coast, both inside and outside of the U.S. exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Fishing typically takes place from June through October annually. The U.S. commercial vessels that fish for albacore use troll/jig gear (surface hook and line) and pole and line gear (baitboat). The United States - Canada Albacore Treaty extends U.S. fisherman access to fish in Canadian waters and Canadian fisherman access to fish seaward of 12 miles offshore of both nations. However, because there was no fishing regime under this Treaty in 2012, neither country had access to the other's waters. In 2012, over 800 vessels permitted by the United States and Canada participated in this fishery and landed 13,855 metric tons of albacore with a value for the fishery of approximately $45.5 million.

South Pacific: This fishery is comprised of vessels that fish with longline or troll gear on the high seas, outside of any nations' EEZ. Albacore fishing in the south Pacific occurs from November through April. Many of the vessels that participate in this fishery also participate in the larger North Pacific albacore fishery. For the 2010-2011 fishing season, fewer than 10 West Coast-based vessels participated in the South Pacific fishery, landing approximately 400 metric tons.

Trolling vessels like the ones below, attach 10-20 fishing lines of various lengths to the outriggers to target albacore tuna.
photos courtesy of Natalie Webster,American Albacore Fishing Association